How to Become a Engineer in 2022 : Exam, Eligibility, Colleges, Career

How to Become a Engineer in 2022 : Exam, Eligibility, Colleges, Career

Engineering is a scientific field and job which requires the knowledge and use of scientific principles with the application of science and math to solve problems and design, build and invent things. It includes the development of a wide range of structures, cars, bridges, vehicles, buildings, etc. Engineering is a huge part of the modern-day world as it is very closely linked with technology. Engineers are creators of all the things we look at around us, from buildings to cars, the roads, and bridges. It is all possible because of the work of engineers. This job asks for innovation and a creative mindset with determination as well. 


Why choose Engineering as a career?

The significance of engineering in the advanced world is very amazing. Apart from being challenging, this job is fun and interesting to pursue. The world is evolving and changing every day and engineers play an active role in making it all possible. Being an engineer allows one to embrace certain skills that they have or even develop/learn them. Some of them being understanding and knowledge in Physics and Maths, Problem-solving Skills, Communication Skills, etc. It has been part of the world of humanity since ancient times. The invention of the wheel or the making of a new fortress for kings, engineers have always had a very vital part. It is not restricted to just one monotonous type of career, instead, Engineering provides a very wide range of career options with various areas of specialization like:

  • Mechanical
  • Chemical
  • Electrical
  • Civil
  • Information Technology (IT)
  • Electronics & communication
  • Computer engineering
  • Aeronautical

Engineering category

Certification and Degree

At the UG (Undergraduate) level in Engineering, the candidates can apply for either of the two courses B. Tech (Bachelor of Technology) or B.E. (Bachelor of Engineering).

At the PG (Postgraduate) level in Engineering, the candidates can apply for M.Tech or (Master of Technology) or M.E. (Master of Engineering).


Engineering can be pursued after clearing the 12th class examination from a recognized board in the science stream and Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry as the compulsory subjects or even pursued by doing a diploma after 10th from a recognized board with at least 55% as the passing marks and Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry as compulsory subjects, in Engineering and then opt for the UG degrees.

1.For B.Tech (Bachelor of Technology) – The combined marks of the compulsory subjects should be above 60 percent. Admission in colleges mostly depends on the entrance exam performance, while the criteria may vary from college to college.

2.For B.E. (Bachelor of Engineering) – The combined marks scored by the student at the 10 + 2 level should be a minimum of 50 percent. While some colleges might allow admission only with a score of 75 percent.

3.For M.Tech (Masters of Technology) and M.E. (Masters of Engineer) – Applicants who have completed B.Tech or B.E. with a proper Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) score will be eligible for the PG degrees. Candidates with the Master of Science degree which is gained by a 5-year program in applied science or science are also eligible for these degrees.


To be a part of the Engineering colleges, students are supposed to appear for entrance exams. Engineering calls for tougher competition as there are a lot of candidates and so there are a lot of colleges offering admission on the basis of entrance exams.  In India, this is conducted on various levels – National, State, and University Levels. Some of the important entrance exams are:

IIT JEE - JEE Main - JEE Advanced

1.JEE (Main) – The Joint Entrance Examination (JEE Main) is conducted by the NTA (National Testing Academy) established by The Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development (now known as Ministry of Education). The Joint Entrance Examination (JEE Main) contains two papers. There is no compulsion to appear for both the papers. 

  • The first paper-Paper1 is conducted for admission to Undergraduate Engineering Programs (B.E/B. Tech) for additional confirmation at the NITs, IIITs, other Centrally Funded Technical Institutions (CFTIs), Institutions/Universities supported/perceived by taking an interest State Governments, just as a qualification test for JEE (Advanced), which is conducted for admission to IITs.It is computer-based.
  • The second paper-Paper2 is led for confirmation in B.Arch and B.Planning courses and will likewise be led in Computer Based Test mode aside from one paper, that is the ‘Drawing Test’ which will be directed in Pen and Paper mode or offline mode.

For Paper 1

  • Applicants who have passed out from class 12th in 2019 and 2020 can appear for the exam.
  • Applicants showing up in class 12 or identical qualifying tests in the year can likewise apply for JEE Main in the same year.
SubjectsMathematics, Chemistry, and Physics 
Negative Marking1 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer for the MCQs ;

Numerical questions won’t have negative markings.

Duration3 hours; and 4 hours for candidates with Benchmark Disability
Total Marks300 marks
Number of Attempts Allowed Applicants can appear in the JEE Main paper for 3 consecutive years. The exam will be conducted twice a year, therefore, a student can appear in six attempts.


For Paper 2

  • Applicants who have passed out from class 12th in 2019 and 2020 can appear for the exam.
  • Applicants showing up in class 12 or identical qualifying tests in the year can likewise apply for JEE Main in the same year.
Subjects For B.Plan

  • Mathematics
  • Aptitude Test
  • Planning Test

For B.Arch 

  • Mathematics
  • Aptitude test
  • Drawing test
Negative Marking 1 mark will be deducted for each wrong answer for the MCQs; Numerical questions won’t have negative marking.
Duration 3 hours 30 minutes
Total Marks400 marks
Number of AttemptsApplicants can appear in the JEE Main paper for 3 consecutive years. The test will be conducted two times a year, consequently, a student can show up in six attempts.


2.JEE (Advanced) – The Joint Entrance Examination (JEE Advanced)  is also conducted by the NTA (National Testing Academy). This is conducted only for the Indian Institute of Technology (IITs). It is compulsory to appear for both papers of the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE Advanced).

EligibilityThe applicants should have passed the JEE mains paper 1 along with that they should be among the top 2,50,000 candidates.
Subjects For Paper1 and Paper2

  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Maths
Negative Marking Negative marking will be there for some of the incorrect answers, details for it will be given in the paper. 
Duration3 hours for both the papers and 4 hours for PwD candidates
Total MarksMarks for Paper 1 is 168

Marks for Paper 2 is 174

Number of Attempts Applicants can attempt JEE Advanced twice in two consecutive years.


3.BITSAT – Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test BITSAT), conducted by the BITS Pilani is easier compared to the JEE but has a lot more competition. It is for admission for the first degree integrated courses.            

EligibilityThe applicants need to score above 60% in Science and Maths respectively in the 12th class if he/she has taken Biology in BITSAT. And if along with PCM, the applicant has taken Mathematics in BITSAT the minimum score should be above 75% in the 12th class. 
SubjectsThe paper would be divided into 4 sections, namely :

  • Mathematics/Biology
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • English and Logical Reasoning
Negative Marking1 Mark will be deducted for each incorrect answer
Duration3 hours
Total Marks450 marks
Number of Attempts 2 attempts in different years 


4.VITEEE – The Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination (VITEEE) is conducted by the Vellore Institute of Technology is the common entrance exam for the various bits. It includes the B.Tech course.         

  • 10+2 cleared with a minimum of 60% score in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics/Biology.
  • For the SC/ST, Jammu, and Kashmir/ Ladakh, and the North-Eastern states, a minimum score of 50% is allowed.
  • Physics
  • Chemistry 
  • Mathematics
  • Biology
  • Aptitude
  • English
Negative MarkingNo Negative Marking 
Duration2 hours and 30 minutes
Total Marks125 marks
Number of AttemptsAccording to the official website of VIT, a candidate should attempt only once.


5.GATE – The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) allows the candidates to get into IITs, NITs, and other renowned institutions for further admission in the P.G. courses.

EligibilityApplicants who hold a Bachelor’s Degree in Engineering / Technology / Architecture or are in the final years of these programs and in the pre-final year of B.Tech.
SubjectsThe paper would be divided into 3 sections, namely :

  • General Aptitude
  • Engineering Mathematics
  • Subject-specific paper as chosen by the candidates
Negative MarkingThere will be no negative markings for the numerical questions, however for the MCQs, for 1 mark question, 1/3 mark will be deducted for wrong answers, and for 2 marks question, 2/3 marks will be deducted. 
Duration3 hours
Total Marks 100 Marks 
Number of AttemptsThere is no set limit, a candidate can appear for the exam as many times as wanted.


Future Job Opportunities


1.PSUs (Public Service Undertakings) – These are run by the government and are good-paying jobs. One can apply to them after clearing the GATE, the competition is high for this job. The PSUs of course check your GATE scores for the same. This can be applied for after B.Tech.

2.Campus Placement – The campus from which you complete your course offers a good job directly there.

Job Opportunities

3.Industrial Engineers – The work of an industrial engineer includes the identification of ways to reduce waste during the production process by developing systems. They can work across almost any business sector.

4.Biomedical Engineers – They combine engineering with the medical field to improve devices in order to keep human health better. 

5.Civil Engineers – The roads, buildings, bridges, airports, etc. all that we see on a daily basis around us are the creation of civil engineers. They design, build and create.

6.Software Engineers – Researching and writing of new programs and the computer operating systems are all world upon by the Software Engineers. If one has an interest in computers they should definitely go for this. 

7.Electrical Engineers – All electrical equipment like electric motors, electrical engines of cars and aircraft, communication systems, etc. are reviewed, invented, and innovated by these engineers. 

Top Engineering Colleges in India

Indian Institute of Technology MadrasIndian Institute Of Technology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600036
Indian Institute of Technology- DelhiIIT Delhi Main Rd, IIT Campus, Hauz Khas, New Delhi, Delhi 110016
Indian Institute of Technology- RoorkeeRoorkee – Haridwar Highway, Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247667
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) BombayMain Gate Rd, IIT Area, Powai, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400076
Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University (IIT-BHU)IIT-BHU, Banaras Hindu University Campus, Uttar Pradesh 221005
Birla Institute of Technology and Science, PilaniVidya Vihar, Pilani, Rajasthan 333031
Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology, DelhiDwarka Sector-3, Dwarka, Delhi, 110078
Vellore Institute of TechnologyVIT, Vellore Campus, Tiruvalam Rd, Katpadi, Vellore, Tamil Nadu 632014
CHRIST (Deemed to be University)Hosur Rd, Bhavani Nagar, S.G. Palya, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560029
Manipal Institute of TechnologyUdupi – Karkala Rd, Eshwar Nagar, Manipal, Karnataka 576104

Also ReadTop 5 Engineering Colleges In Rajasthan 2022 : Placement, Salary Details

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